Profile of Mon


Mon is a town located in Nagaland. It is bordered by the state of Arunachal Pradesh towards its north, by the state of Assam to its west, by the country of Myanmar to its east, on the south by the Tuensang district and by the Longleng district towards its south west. The district headquarters of Mon district are located in Mon town.

Formation

The Mon district was carved out from Tuensang district on 21st December 1973. The district was enlarged in 1991 by transferring some villages from the Tuensang district.


Geography

The district of Mon is located in the northern most part of the state of Nagaland. The district is hilly with steep slopes. There are low lying areas with undulating hills on the foothills. The district can be topographically divided into Upper region and Lower region comprising the hilly areas and foothill valley area. The foothills lie adjacent to the plains of Assam in the inter-state border. The hill ranges extend from the foothills to the slopes of the Naga Hills and Patkai range in its eastern side.

Shawot is the highest peak in the district with an altitude of 2414 meters above sea level. The most important river in this district is the Dikhu. This river flows through the Mon district, past Naganimora and then joins the Brahmaputra in Assam. Other important rivers in the Mon district are Yamon, Yityong, Tesang, Maksha, Tapi, Tizit, Teyap, Tekang, Jein, Teggie, Telem, Pongma and Tehok.

Climate

Mon has a moderate climate. The rainy season prevails from the month of May to October. The weather remains dry during the months from November to April. The average temperature is 24.4°C and the average humidity is 76%. In higher altitudes, the summers are pleasant and winters are cold. However, in the lower altitude places near the plains of Assam, the summers are hot and winters pleasant. The average annual rainfall varies from 2000mm to 3000 mm.


Demography

According to 2011 census, the Mon district has a population of 250,671. The literacy rate is 56.6% and the sex ratio is 898 females for every 1000 males. Mon is  home to the Konyak Nagas. The Konyaks can be grouped into two categories namely ‘Thendu’ which means ‘tattooed face’ and ‘Thentho’ which means ‘white face’. The district is rich in culture and tradition. The Konyaks celebrate mainly two festivals namely ‘Aolingmonyu’ and ‘Laolongmo’.

The Konyaks are ruled by the hereditary chiefs known as Anghs. This institution of Anghship is prevalent only amongst the Konyans. He is the sole authority in the village and is held in high esteem by the people. There are altogether seven Angh chiefs within the Mon village.


Economy

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of  Mon. Nearly 90% of the work force is engaged in this occupation. Mon is not much economically developed. In the year 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named the Mon district as one of the country’s 250 most backward districts. It is one of the three districts in Nagaland currently receiving funds from the Backward Region Grants Fund Programme.


Education


There is only one college namely the Wangkhao Government College in Mon. There are a number of Government high schools, middle schools, primary and higher secondary schools in Mon. These schools are administrated and run under the supervision of State Government. Don Bosco School and Assam Rifles High School are good institutes here.

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